Large-Scale Roll-to-Roll Fabrication of Vertically Oriented Block Copolymer Thin Films
Singh, G.; Batra, S.; Zhang, R.; Yuan, H.; Yager, K.G.; Cakmak, M.; Berry, B.; Karim, A. "Large-Scale Roll-to-Roll Fabrication of Vertically Oriented Block Copolymer Thin Films" ACS Nano 2013
We demonstrate that zone-annealing of polymer thin films can be accomplished in a high-throughput roll-to-roll fashion.
Large-scale roll-to-roll (R2R) fabrication of vertically oriented nanostructures via directed self-assembly of cylindrical block copolymer (c-BCP) thin films is reported. Nearly 100% vertical orientation of cylinders in sub-100 nm c-BCP films under optimized processing via a dynamic sharp temperature gradient field termed Cold Zone Annealing-Sharp or ‘CZA-S’ is achieved, with successful scale-up on a prototype custom-built 70 ft × 1 ft R2R platform moving at 25 ?m/s, with 9 consecutive CZA units. Static thermal annealing of identical films in a conventional vacuum oven fails to produce comparable results. As a potential for applications, we fabricate high-density silicon oxide nanodot arrays from the CZA-S annealed BCP thin film template.